For achieving growth rate of 5-6 percent per annum the animal husbandry sector would need to address important challenges during the Twelfth Plan. These include delivery of services, shortage of feed and fodder and frequent occurrence of deadly diseases. Compared to its contribution in the economy livestock sector has received much less resources and institutional support. Livestock extension remains grossly neglected. The country still lacks adequate facilities and the infrastructure for disease diagnosis, reporting, epidemiology, surveillance and forecasting. Livestock markets are underdeveloped, which is a significant barrier to commercialisation of livestock production. Besides, the sector is also coming under significant pressure of increasing globalisation of agri-food markets. Although there is demand for Indian meat products in international markets, lack of international processing standards is a hindrance. Unfortunately, schemes on modernisation of slaughterhouses and by-product utilisation have not been effectively implemented. In the animal husbandry sector, the major priority areas during Twelfth Five Year Plan will be breed improvement, enhancing availability of feed and fodder and provision of better health services, including proper breeding management. Conservation and perpetuation of diverse local germplasm, which are adaptable to Indian climate conditions and resistant to various endemic diseases, will be another important area, with clearer focus on sub-sectors such as small ruminants that have so far been neglected.
Twelfth Five Year Plan 2012-2017- Brief Description of ProgrammesRead More